Lhasa: Place of the Deity in Tibetan, and capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region, is set along the northern bank of the Kyi-chu River, a tributary of the Yarlung Tsangpo River (itself a headwater of teh great Brahmaputra). Sitting 12,139 feet above sea level, Lhasa is rich in culture and history, a panorama of Buddhist architecture and lofty vistas. It is also known as the “Solar City” because it enjoys sunshine longer than the rest of the world.
Potala Palace: The dominant landmark of Lhasa 117 meters above the city below. Construction started on the red hill in 1645 under the 5th Dalai Lama. An immense building, 13 storeys high with walls 3 meters thick containing over 1000 rooms, 10,000 shrines and 200,000 statues, It was both the residence of the current Dalai Lama and tomb of the former; Heads of state. The entire building is made of stone and wood and covers an area of 130,000 square meters. The Potala is full of elaborate artwork and frescos that tells many stories.
Narbulingka – summer palace: On the banks of the Kyichi River, there is a tree and flower filled pard known as the Norbulingka or the Jewel Park covering a total area of 360,000 square meters, the park was originally laid out in the 1750s. There are fountains, pavilions, terraces and stone tablets where visitors may rest amidst the numerous kinds of flowers and various colors.
Norbulingka: It is also the site of the summer palace of the Dalai Lamas (8th to 14th). The small palace of the 13th Dalai Lama is an odd mix of traditional Tibetan architecture and modern paraphernalia, such as a Philips radiogram and Victorian bathroom fittings! At Naobulingka you will also find the one and only zoo in Tibet.
Jokhang Temple - Barkhor Bazaar: The foremost monastery in Tibet, built in the 7th century AD and now housing the most prized Buddhist relic, a 1300-year-old Sakyamuni Buddha statue, the main section of the temple is topped with golden roofs found nowhere else except in Tibet. Watch the many worshippers pay their respects and prostrating themselves at the main gate. The monastery is encircled with the Barkhor Bazaar a sacred pilgrim path, but also a lively & colorful market where you can bargain over such treasures a ornate long-bladed knives, prayer wheels and exquisite jewelry.
Sera Monastery: Sera are more like a small town on the outskirts of Lhasa at the base of Tatipu hill. It is the main teaching monastery and one of the three great Gelukpa 'Universities'- once housing more than 5500 monks. Here one can see the young novices learning scriptures in the Debating Garden and being rewarded for a correct answer with a resounding hand-clap from their Master, Sera is also the birthplace of Tibetan medicine.
Drepung Monastery: Drepung monastery is situated in the west suburbs of Lhasa city. Formerly the largest and richest monastery in the world with 10,000 manks (now 400), It is the size of a small town and lies sprawled over the size of a small town and lies sprawled over the side of a mountain 8 km from Lhasa. Of particular interest is the medieval monk's kitchen with its great cauldrons of steaming barley 'stamp' sitting on top of huge earthen stoves and tented by saffron-robed monks wielding massive ladles. From the roof of the monastery one can enjoy the natural beauty of the Lhasa valley to one's heart content.
Tsurpu: Tsurpu monastery I built on the north side of the river in the Dowo Lung Valley. This is the home of Karmapa; Karmapa is the true 'living little Buddha' – the new reincarnated leader of the black hat sect. He is the only spiritual leader actually living in Tibet. The recent recognized 17th Karmapa can be visited by all visitors. Tsurpu monastery was built in 12th century. Tsurpu is the riches monastery in Tibet.
Gyantse: Once Tibet's third most important city lies in the Nyangchu valley along the main routes from India and Nepal to Lhasa. In former times, it was a fort, the centre of Tiber's wool trade and a gateway to the outside world. Other spots of interest: Palcho monastery and the Kumbum Pagoda.
Shigatse: Shigaste is Tibet's second largest city. It is the administrative centre for 18countries in southern and western Tibet. Besides its fiche cultural heritage, Shigatse has and abundance of native fruits and products. At the bazaar, there are more than 300 stalls selling local produce as well as colorful and elaborate handicraft, accessories, antiques and porcelains. In Shigatse one can also find Tashilumpo monastery, the seat of the Panchen Lama. The Monastery, built in 1447 by a nephew of Tsong Khapa once housed over 4000 Monks, but now there are only 600.
Sakya Monastery: In 1073 Gongjue Jiebu of the Kun family built a monastery on the north bank of Zongqu River to teach his new esoteric theory of Buddhism. He was convinced that the monastery built on such a site would light the mundane world. Because the monastery was built by a chalky hill, it was named Sakya, meaning chalky earth in Tibetan. The Sakya Monastery built by (popular known as the North Temple) became inadequate for rising and evermore powerful Sakya establishment. A larger monastery, which is still standing today, was built on the south bank of Zongqu River by the Kun house and Pagpa, a well-known Tibetan in the Mongolian imperial court of the 13th century. This monastery, now popularly known as the South Sakya, sits against the backdrop of snow-capped mountains 165 kilometers west of Shigatse. In 1260 Pagpa was appointed the imperial tutor and later placed in charge of Buddhist affairs. Kublai Khan then appointed him ruler of Tibet.
Samye: Built in the mid-8th century, Samye is the first formal Buddhist Monastery with the Buddha Dharma and Sangha in Tibet. The whole construction of the monastery, for the stupas forest-like, the building high and expansive, the scale grand and broad, is designed in accordance with the shape of "mandala" layout, and furthermore, the monastery is well-known to the whole world for the highlighted and mixed perfection of Han, Tibetan and Indian architecture style in the main hall and the numerous relics such as wood and stone carvings, frescos and statues kept in the monastery. As described in a historical book, this monastery is considered "an unimaginable construction and incomparable monastery". Over the centuries, it has come under the influence of the Nyingma, Sakya and Geluk schools and is considered a symbol of Tibet’s national identity.
Tsetang (Zetang): Tsetang (Zetang), the birthplace of earliest Tibetans, sits on the south bank in the middle section of the Yarlung Tsangbo River Traduk Monastery is one of the earliest Buddhist temples in Tibetan history. Built in 641 A.D., it is said that King Songtsan Gampo established the temple to suppress the ogress in order to prosper his kingdom. In addition, later it became the winter palace of King Songtsan Gampo and Princess Wencheng in Shannan. Of all the treasures and relics kept in this monastery, the pearled Tangka -- "Avalokitesvara at his rest" is the most remarkable
Mt. Kailash: Set in Far-west Tibet, Mt. Kailash is considered to be the heart of the world, the world axis and the center of Asia by Buddhists, Hindu, Jains and other religions. Buddha himself was said to have flown to Mt. Kailash, the watershed of South Asia, with 500 saints. From Mt. Kailash’s slopes four great rivers flow in the four cardinal directions: the Indus north, the Brahmaputra east, the Karnali into the Ganges south, the Sutlej west. Given such geographic importance, Kailash is believed to be imbued with cosmic geomantic power.