Nepal – "The Federal Democratic Republic"

Nepal, the tiny Himalayan country lies in South Asia and sandwiched between two giant neighbors China and India, is named after Kathmandu, the capital city of the country. It is one among the richest country in the world in term of bio-diversity due to her unique geographical position and altitude variation. Nepal is multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-religious, multi-cultural country with common aspirations of people living in diverse geographical regions and being committed to and united by a bond of allegiance to national independence, territorial integrity, national interest and prosperity. Although Nepal is a small country of around 147,181 sq km, it contains a huge variation in altitude from the Terai at near sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt Everest at 8848 m. Nepal is situated between 800 4' – 800 12' east longitude and 260 22' – 300 4' north latitude.

Nepal was concealed in mystery until the 1950's when its borders were first opened to the outside world. Nepal has now become a very exiting travel destination among the travelers around the globe and famous in the world as the country of third pole where Lord Buddha, the founder of Buddhist religion, was born about 2600 years ago. Nepal is known as home of Gurkhas, roof of the world, land of legend and beauty, the country of white coal etc. The Nepalese people always welcome their visitor with smiling face and 'Namaste' to their unique Himalayan country. They whole country is cradled at the base of magnificent Himalayan peaks which make it a land of fascination, a place to return again and again to visit new friends and to explore the next base camp or summit.

Nepal Travel Information and Destination Guide

From south to north, you cross from tropical jungle through the terraced hillsides of the Himalayan foothills, up through pine and rhododendron forests, to the peaks and glaciers of the Great Himalayan Range that form Nepal's northern border with Tibet. Geographically Nepal is divided into 3 regions as: Himalaya region, Mountain region, and Terai region. Politically divided into 7 province (5 regions 14 zones and 75 district before).

Nepal's climate varies with topography depending upon altitude. Terai region lies in tropical southern part of country has hot humid climate. Mid-land regions are pleasant almost all year although winter nights are coll. Northern mountain region around an altitude above 3,353 m has an alpine climate with a considerably lower temperature.

Nepal's population of over 29.3 million made up of more than 60 separate cultural and linguistic group living in different regions under diverse geographic environment. Mostly each ethnic group has their own unique customs, speak their own languages and observe own religious practices.

Visitor's visa is required to travel Nepal and two month tourist visas are available upon arrival at the Kathmandu's Tribnuwan International Airport. All communication services are now available in Nepal's cities and some rural villages as well. Public offices featuring telephone, FAX, Email and the Internet are easy to find.

Important check list

Visa fees & Permit |   Entry Points  |   Time & Communication  |   Medical Matters  |   Electricity  |   Costs and Currency  |   Language  |  Food & Drink  |  Gear List for a Trek 

Helpful information

People & Culture  |   Cultural Considerations  |   Trekking in Nepal  |   Health issue and altitude sickness  |  Emergency Evacuation  |   Physical Preparation for Trekking  |   Shopping in Nepal  |   Photography in Nepal  |  Nepal Domestic Flights  |