Nepal has nine National Parks, four Wildlife Reserves and three Conservation Areas. About 15,000 square kilometers. The Terai lowlands are defined by a belt of well-watered floodplains stretching from the Indian border northward to the first slopes of the Bhabhar and the Siwalik Range. This is the richest habitat in the land with tall grasslands interspersed with riverine and hardwood Sal Forest.
The geography of Nepal can be divided into mountains, hills and plains. A wide variety of the earth’s topography and climate zones are found within the small area of 147,181 square kilometers. Wide range of ecosystems, from subtropical jungles of the Tarai to the arctic conditions of Himalayan highlands, is found in Nepal. Nepal’s rich bio-diversity makes it one of the best ecotourism destinations in the whole world. Almost 19 percent of the country’s total land accounts for its sixteen protected wildlife areas across the country.